- 最高审判者，法官，推事 ，审判员
- vt. & vi. 审判; 评判; 断定 act as a judge; give a decision in a competition, etc.; form an opinion about
- [C]法官,审判员 a public official who has the power to decide questions brought before a court of law
- [C]裁判员,评判员 a person who has been appointed to decided the result of a competition
- [C]鉴定人,鉴赏家 a person who has the knowledge and experience to give valuable opinions
a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice
an authority who is able to estimate worth or quality
determine the result of (a competition)
form a critical opinion of;
"I cannot judge some works of modern art"
"How do you evaluate this grant proposal?"
"We shouldn't pass judgment on other people"
judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time);
"I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds"
pronounce judgment on;
"They labeled him unfit to work here"
put on trial or hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of;
"The football star was tried for the murder of his wife"
"The judge tried both father and son in separate trials"
- He is an impartial judge.
- At the end of the trial, the judge summed up.
- The judges' decision is final.
- I judge him to be about 40.
- You can't judge a book by its cover.
- He's too young to judge which is better.
- He will judge the case solely on its merits.
- I am not in the position to judge.
- As far as I can judge, this book is useful.
- He was asked to judge at the art exhibition.
- They have their own minds.They will judge for themselves.
- It is hard to judge this case.
- The court was unable to judge the case before all evidence was put before it.
- She seemed to be watching him, judging him.
- Who is going to judge the horses?
- Who is going to judge the long-jump competition?
- Teachers always judge their students on the final examination.
- We must know how to judge people.
- They were not judged fairly.
- Can you judge which way to take?
- He was calm and concentrated in judging how to defeat his opponent.
- The police judged the criminal was still in the city.
- The teacher judged his students had finished the exercises.
- I judged, from his manner, that he was guilty.
- I judged that you had forgotten to come.
- I judged that it was best to resign.
- We judge that she is the best candidate.
- He's too young to judge which is better.
- How will they judge which is likely to be reliable?
- Can you judge who will win?
- Nobody can judge why he did it.
- Can you judge how he finished it so soon?
- I can't judge whether he was right or wrong.
- I can't judge whether he will come today.
- I couldn't judge whether the delay was good or bad.
- I judge him a skilled worker.
- We judged the distance to be four miles.
- He judged them to be the best plays he had ever seen.
- They judged her stupid.
- I judge him to be loyal.
- These horses were judged the best in the county.
- She judged it a useless attempt to advise him.
- He judges it safer to go away than to stay.
- The committee judged it better to start the work at once.
- She judged them to have finished.
- I judged them to have gone.
- They judged it of little importance.
- By noon, all 61 people were judged out of danger.
- As a judge, she tried her best to exercise her power.
- The judge refused to give him another hearing.
- The judge awarded a large sum of money to those hurt by the explosion.
- The president has not appointed a single black judge to the south.
- The prisoner appealed to the judge for mercy.
- If I tell the judge that I wasn't there, will you bear me out?
- He came back at the judge with some sharp questions.
- The judge asked the whole group to dismiss the lawyer's remark from their minds.
- A judge will discriminate between different degrees of crime.
- The powers of a judge are defined by law.
- The judge was biased in favour of the second candidate, who was educated at the same college as himself.
- The panel of judges included several well-known writers.
- The judges awarded the prize to her.
- I'm no judge of music, but I know what I like.
- She's a good judge of character.
- I don't like this wine—not that I'm any judge.
- He is no judge on such matters.
- Mr. Taylor is a good judge of the fine arts.
- He is a good judge of horses.
- It sounds a very bad poem to me. But I'm no judge.
- judge between (v.+prep.)
在…间判定优劣 decide which is the better of two things or people
judge between sb/sth
God will judge between you and me.
It is impossible to judge between the two paintings, they're both charming.
- judge by〔from〕 (v.+prep.)
根据〔由〕…作出判断 base one's opinion of sth on sth; form an opinion based on sth
judge by〔from〕 sth
Judging by the sound of his voice, the man couldn't be very young.
Judging by the response of the audience, the performance was quite a success.
Judging by her dress, she may be of the Yi nationality.
Judging by the look in her face, she might have failed the examination.
To judge from the present information, the dead was still alive at three o'clock.
Don't judge from appearances.
Judging from what he said, he is an old hand in this field.
Judging from his conduct,I assume he is lacking in education.
Judging from what you say, he is fully justified doing so.
Judging from her letters, mother seems to be feeling a lot better.
从妈妈的信来看,她似乎感觉好多了。judge sb/sth by〔from〕 sth
Don't judge a man by his looks.
You'd better not judge him by his appearance.
You can't judge this by its result.
You can't judge a book by its covers.
People are liable to judge others from their own first impressions.
I judge by his dress that he is a rich man.
This case is being judged by the Supreme Court.
- judge of (v.+prep.)
对…作出评价 form a critical evaluation of
judge of sth
I really don't know how to judge of a picture.
I find it hard to judge of my own work.
I cannot judge of these things till I examine them carefully.
You can judge of its merits and demerits for yourself.
- judge the distance 判断距离
- judge the murder case 审理谋杀案
- judge the quality 评价质量
- judge accurately 准确地判断
- judge adversely 相反地评论
- judge brutally 残酷地评判
- judge candidly 正直地审判
- judge casually 非正式地评判
- judge cautiously 谨慎地评判
- judge delightedly 高兴地评判
- judge equitably 公正地评判
- judge fairly 公正地审判
- judge fondly 盲目地评判
- judge freely 随意地评判
- judge harshly 从严判决
- judge hastily 仓促地审判
- judge immediately 立即评判
- judge intelligently 聪明地评判
- judge kindly 仁慈地审判
- judge leniently 从宽判决
- judge peacefully 平静地判决
- judge philosophically 冷静地判决
- judge probably 适当地评判
- judge recklessly 轻率地评判
- judge regretfully 遗憾地判决
- judge reluctantly 不情愿地评判
- judge rightly 正确地审判
- judge scientifically 科学地判决
- judge secretly 秘密地判决
- judge sensibly 明智地判决
- judge shamefully 无耻地评判
- judge unfairly 不公正地审判
- judge unwisely 不明智地评判
- judge according to 根据…评价
- judge at a show 在展览会上作评审工作
- judge between right and wrong 判断是非
- judge between the two 在这两个中选一个,判断(是非)
- judge by 从…来判断,根据…来判断
- judge by what sb say 由某人的话看来
- judge for oneself 自己作出判断
- judge from 从…判断,根据…来判断
- judge from sb's manner 从某人的举止上判断
- judge from the facts 根据事实判断
- judge of 对…评价
- judge of a man by his looks 以貌取人
- judge of a picture 评价一幅画
- judge on 下评语
- act as judge 当法官
- appeal to judge 上诉到法官
- appoint judge 委派法官
- become a judge 当法官
- elect judge 选举法官
- hire judge 雇佣评判员
- impeach judge 弹劾法官
- oust judge 驱逐法官
- associate judge 陪审员
- brutal judge 残忍的法官
- capable judge 能干的法官
- capital judge 首席法官
- competent judge 能胜任的法官
- constitutional judge 任命的法官
- disinterested judge 公正的法官
- dispassionate judge 冷静的法官
- dyspeptic judge 易怒的法官
- elective judge 选任的法官
- equitable judge 公平的法官
- existing judge 现任法官
- fastidious judge 苛刻的法官
- favorable judge 赢得赞同的法官,前途有望的法官
- finicky judge 苛刻的法官
- fitting judge 称职的法官
- frowning judge 不悦的法官
- honorable judge 受人尊敬的法官
- imaginary judge 富于想象的法官
- learned judge 博学的法官
- rightful judge 公正的法官
- ruthless judge 公正的法官
- sagacious judge 有洞察力的法官
- shrewd judge 精明的法官
- sole judge 唯一的法官
- supreme judge 最高法官
- sympathetic judge 富于同情心的法官
- terrible judge 令人胆寒的法官
- undiscriminating judge 公正的法官
- upright judge 正直的法官
- wicked judge 邪恶的法官
- worthy judge 杰出的法官
- army judge 军事法官
- beauty judge 选美评判人
- district judge 地区法官
- field judge 场内裁判员
- judge Advocate 总法官,军法检察官
- judge Advocate General 军法署署长
- judge Advocate General's Department 军法处,军法署
- as grave as a judge 像法官一样庄重,非常严肃
- be taken before the judge 被提受审
- be tried by a judge 由审判官审问
- judge at a fair 博览会的评判员
- judge at a flower show 花展评判人
- judge at a sports meet 运动会的裁判员
- be no judge in such matters 对这些事是外行
- good judge of cattle 鉴别牲畜的行家
- not a judge of paintings 不懂绘画评论
It is the voice of a judge, summing up and charging the jury.出自： C. Isherwood
Christ will come a second time, in glory, to judge the living and the dead.出自： M. West
- judge还可接以动词不定式、介词短语或“(to be+) n./adj. ”充当补足语的复合宾语。充当judge宾语补足语的动词不定式可带to,也可不带to。当该动词不定式所表示的时间先于judge所表示的时间时,应用不定式的完成式,且to不可省略。
- judge可接介词by或from表示“根据…作出判断”,两者意思上无差别。judge by〔from〕引导的分句其主语与句子主语并不一定一致。
- judge, adjudge, adjudicate, arbitrate
- judge指在审查了双方的证据,听取了证词和衡量了双方的功过之后裁定哪一方正确或有理,强调审判的“过程”; adjudge指在审判结束或在审判过程中法庭作出判决,强调审判“程序”; adjudicate指法庭以裁定、宣判或法令等形式作出正式和慎重决议,即强调审判“结果”; arbitrate指由一人或多人组成的机构对有争执的事件作出慎重决定,这种机构的设立不一定符合法律程序,但为争执双方认可。
- judge, conclude, deduce, gather, infer
- 这几个词的共同意思是“推断”。其区别在于:infer指从不太充分的论据或前提中推断出结论; conclude指通过推理或判断而得出结论; deduce指有充分根据地推论或逻辑上地演绎; gather指综合事物得出印象或感想等; judge通常指经过仔细鉴定或评价之后作出的决断。例如:
- From his a manner of dress and style of living,I gather that he is man of considerable means.从他的穿着式样和生活方式,我揣想他是个相当富有的人。
- She had concluded from that her grandmother did not like her.她已从那一点得出结论,断定她祖母不喜欢她。
- If you saw a doctor leaving a house, you might deduce the fact that someone in the house was ill.你要是看到医生从一家出来,你就可以推想那家有人生病。
- We see smoke and infer fire.我们看到烟,从而推断有火。
- Judging from what you said, they ought to succeed.从你说的情况看来,他们应当能成功。
- 下面的句子意思相同,但语体不尽相同:前两句属于非正式语体,多用于比较随便的口语会话中; 后三句较为正式,多用于书面语体。试体会:
- I judge that she is an excellent lawyer.
- She is an excellent lawyer,I judge.
- I judge her to be an excellent lawyer.
- I judge her an excellent lawyer.
- I judge her as an excellent lawyer.
- judge, arbiter, arbitrator, referee, umpire
- judge的本义指主持法院工作并听取证词,对案件作出判决的法官。广义上讲, judge可指鉴定人。arbitrator和arbiter均可指从争议双方推举出来解决分歧的仲裁者或公断人,但arbitrator更为常见。arbitrator通常单独或与人合作来裁决(尤指劳工方面的)纠纷,而arbiter(书面语)常指没有权威或官职而靠自己的权威对非法律问题(如时装、文学等)作出决断或提出乐意遵从的准则的人。例如:
- Dress designers, not dress-makers, are the arbiters of women's fashions.由服装设计师而不是缝衣匠来判定女装的流行款式。
- referee和umpire均含有arbitrator(仲裁者、公断人)的含义。在此意义上, referee适用于在技术方面为处理特殊诉讼案件而由官方指定的仲裁人; 而umpire是指在重要或错综复杂的论点中,当双方公断人发生意见冲突或僵持不下时,出面进行最终裁决的人。此外,两词还常用于体育方面,指那些被指定实施比赛规则、排解纠纷的裁判员。此时的referee指篮球、台球、拳击、足球、曲棍球等比赛的裁判; 而umpire常指在网球、羽毛球、乒乓球、排球、游泳等比赛中充当裁判的人员。此外,乒乓球和网球的裁判有时也称judge。
误 He badly judged the present situation.
正 He judged the present situation badly.
- ☆ 13世纪初期进入英语，直接源自盎格鲁法语的juger；最初源自古典拉丁语的jugier，意为判断。